Pregnancy Related Pain
Many pregnant mothers experience pregnancy related back pain during pregnancy. This pain is mainly due to the changes your body is going through as it progresses through each trimester. As you know, back pain is common symptom of pregnancy but the good news is there is always something physiotherapy can do to help.
What causes pregnancy related back pain?
As your baby begins to grow inside your womb your pelvic ligaments will begin to loosen and/or stretch to accommodate your baby. The front of your pelvis begins to stretch and widen slightly this will tend to compress the back of your pelvis specifically at your sacroiliac joints. As you walk your pelvis tends to rotate on one side and compress on the other side to provide stability. But as your sacroiliac joints are already compressed they tend to rub excessively causing pain. As this progress’s your back pain will go from being an ache to a sharp pain when standing up or turning in bed.
Also as your baby grows it will tend to increase the natural curve on the lower part of your back. See below
This also puts more pressure on the lower part of your spine. If you already had this large curve before you became pregnant then you maybe more susceptible to low back pain during pregnancy.
So what can Physio Do to help pregnancy related back pain?
Firstly we nee to see how your lower back and pelvis are moving. Then we need to assess the muscles in the lower back, abdomen, pelvic floor and diaphram to see where your pain is coming from. From there we can devise a treatment plan to first relieve your pain and secondly establish a prevention strategy so your can manage this throughout your pregnancy.
The most important thing to do when you have pregnancy related back pain is to rest adequately. If you try to push through the pain it will prolong the recovery period.
Try resting with the back of your lower legs or backs of your knees placed up on a few cushions or a foot stool. This will take all the load off the lower back and help it recover.
Finally if you have a large curve in your lower back some ice in a zip-lock bag with some water placed on the lower back and sacral region may help.
If your pain has not resolved in 3-5 days please call us for some friendly professional advice and reassurance.
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